|Guidelines for Interlibrary Loans||Historical Note/Scope and Content|
Records of the three affiliated Catholic institutions of the Mission House or Black and Indian Mission Office -- the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, the Black and Indian Mission Collection (formally known as the Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians) and The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board (formerly The Catholic Board for Mission Work among the Colored People). The records of these organizations document Catholic evangelization in the United States and dependent territories. Gift of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, 1977-[ongoing]. Processed by Philip C. Bantin, 1977-1986, and Mark G. Thiel, CA (Certified Archivist), 1986-[ongoing]. Selected series microfilmed, 1980-[ongoing]. De Rancé, Incorporated (Milwaukee), provided generous support for the initial acquisition and processing of records, 1976-1980. See e-Archives for select materials available online.
Restrictions: Restricted records are described below in the Scope and Content Notes. Access to these records requires permission in writing from the Black and Indian Mission Office, 2021 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20006-4207. Phone: (202) 331-8542. Newsletter: The Sentinel. Website: Black and Indian Mission Office. In addition, the researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of libel, privacy, and copyright which may be involved in the use of these records. Consult an archivist for further information.
The topics discussed in the correspondence reflect many of these events.
|1565||Black Catholics from Spain and the Caribbean were involved in the settlement of Saint Augustine, Florida.|
|1738||Free Black Catholics settled Santa Teresa de Mose, Florida.|
|1781||Many Black and Indian Catholics from Mexico were involved in the settlement of Los Angeles, California.|
|1785||Father John Carroll, the Prefect Apostolic of the United States, wrote to the Vatican about his pastoral concerns for Black Catholics, many of who then resided in Maryland.|
|1875-1900||Bishop James Augustine Healy (1830-1900) served as Bishop of Portland in Maine and became the first African-American Catholic bishop in the United States.|
|1793||Black Catholics from Haiti settled Fells Point, Maryland, near Baltimore.|
|1829||Mother Elizabeth Lange (1784-1882), O.S.P., and others began religious life in Baltimore as the Oblate Sisters of Providence, which became the first Black community of women religious in the United States.|
|1837||Henriette DeLile, a mixed-race African American, founded the Sisters of the Holy Family in New Orleans. Initially, it was known as the Sisters of the Presentation.|
|1871||The St. Joseph Society of the Sacred Heart (Josephite Fathers and Brothers) became established in Baltimore.|
|1874||Patrick Healy, a mixed-race African American, served as president of Georgetown University, and became the first African American president of a Catholic university.|
|1875||James A. Healy, a mixed-race African American, served as Bishop of Portland (Oregon), and became the first African American Catholic bishop.|
|1878||Mathilda Beasley (1832-1903) founded the Third Order of St. Francis as a community of women religious for African Americans.|
|1886||Rev. Augustus "Father Gus" Tolton (1854-1897) of Quincy, Illinois, became the first publically identified African American Catholic priest.|
|1887||The Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians (now known as the Black and Indian Mission Collection) held its first annual Lenten appeal to support African American and Native American evangelization in the United States.|
|1889||Daniel Rudd founded the National Black Catholic Congress, a lay organization, which met for the first time first in Washington, D.C. Subsequent lay congresses were held almost annually during the 1890s. An 1893 congress in Chicago cited practices of racism and segregation in the United States with such practices in some U.S. Catholic churches as well.|
|1891||Saint Katharine Drexel founded the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People, which focused on evangelizing African Americans and Native Americans in the United States.|
|1904, January||Archbishop Diomede Falconio, O.F.M., the apostolic delegate of Pope Pius X, received a letter from Cardinal Girolamo Maria Gotti, O.D.C., the cardinal prefect of the Congregation of the Propaganda, commanding the Church in the United States to cease unchristian practices of racism and discrimination found in some U.S. Catholic institutions. At this time, the Catholic Church still regarded the United States as a mission territory, which gave Propaganda special jurisdiction over the U.S. Church.|
|1905||At their annual meeting, Cardinal Gotti's letter prompted the U.S. archbishops to discuss the annual Lenten collection . They concluded that it did not provide adequate funding for Black evangelization and that a special organization should be established to provide additional support.|
|1907||The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board (CNAMB) was established in New York City as the "Catholic Board for Mission Work Among the Colored People" to provide a second funding stream for mission work in the black community.|
|1909||The Knights of Peter Claver was founded as a predominantly Catholic African American fraternal organization.|
|1916||Rev. Ignatius Lissner, S.M.A., founded the Franciscan Handmaids of Mary in Savannah, Georgia, as a community of African American women religious to teach African American children. In 1924, it relocated to New York City.|
|1922?-||CNAMB raised funds through its publications, Our Colored Missions, 1922?-1974?, and Educating in Faith, 1974-.|
|1925||The Federated Colored Catholics was founded as a national lay religious organization of Catholic African Americans to promote mutual cooperation and Catholic education.|
|1970||CNAMB renamed itself The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board.|
|1980||CNAMB relocated to Washington, D.C., and began sharing staff and facilities with the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and the Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians (now known as the Black and Indian Mission Collection). Since then, the common office became known as the Black and Indian Mission Office (BIMO).|
|1980||To enable joint board meetings while remaining a separate corporation, the Catholic Negro American Mission Board standardized the membership of its board of directors to conform to that of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and the Commission for Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians, which are the archbishops (ordinaries) of Baltimore, New York, and Philadelphia.|
|1980||Marquette University became the CNAMB archival repository.|
|1988||Mother Katharine Drexel, S.B.S., was beatified.|
|2000||Mother Katharine Drexel, S.B.S., was declared Saint Katharine Drexel.|
|2008-[ongoing]||The three affiliated agencies became known as the "Black and Indian Mission Office", which established a joint three-part website.|
|2008-[ongoing]||The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board jointly sponsored the Monsignor Paul A. Lenz Art Contest for students in Catholic schools and/or Catholic religious education programs funded by these agencies.|
|2009-2010||The Black and Indian Mission Office established the National Advisory Council on Catholic Missions among Black and Native American Peoples, a board comprised of lay Catholics.|
|2011||The Archdiocese of Chicago initiated a canonization cause for Rev. Augustus "Father Gus" Tolton (1854-1897).|
|1907-1925||Reverend John E. Burke (1852-1925); obituary: Our Colored Harvest, 13(1925):4:1-2.|
|1925-1962||Reverend Edward C. Kramer (1882-1962); obituaries: "A Farewell to Fr. Kramer 'Bill Bailey' has gone 'Home'", Our Colored Missions, 48(1962):3:1-3 (not paginated); "Quartermaster for Christ", Society of Saint Joseph of the Sacred Heart, 80(1968):2:14-17.|
|1962-1980||Reverend Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J. (-1988?)|
|1980-2007||Monsignor Paul A. Lenz (1925-)|
|2007-present||Reverend Wayne Carroll Paysse (1960-)|
Presidents of the Board of Directors
|1922-1925||Archbishop John W. Shaw (1863-1934), Archbishop of New Orleans|
|1925-1938||Cardinal Patrick J. Hayes (1867-1938), Archbishop of New York|
|1940-1968||Cardinal Francis J. Spellman (1889-1967), Archbishop of New York|
|1968-1980||Cardinal Terrence J. Cooke (1921-1983), Archbishop of New York|
|1980-2000||Cardinal John J. O'Conner (1920-2000), Archbishop of New York|
|2000-2003||Cardinal Anthony J. Bevilacqua (1923-), Archbishop of Philadelphia, Retired|
|2003-2007||Cardinal William H. Keeler (1931-), Archbishop of Baltimore, Retired|
|2007-2009||Cardinal Edward M. Egan (1932-), Archbishop of New York, Retired|
|2009-2011||Archbishop Edward O'Brien (1939-), Archbishop of Baltimore|
|2011-present||Archbishop Timothy M. Dolan (1950-), Archbishop of New York|
The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board, Series 1-3 Correspondence Charters, and By Laws:
Only scant correspondence has been recovered from the first three administrations of Fathers John E. Burke, Edward C. Kramer, and Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J. Nonetheless, in keeping with the arrangement schemes of the Bureau and Collection, correspondence from the entire 1980 transition year, is filed under Father Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J. These records have not been microfilmed.
1907-1962 -- Reverend John E. Burke and Reverend Edward C. Kramer: Includes the charter, amendments, resolutions, and related correspondence during the administrations of Father Burke, the first director, 1907-1925, and Father Kramer, the second director, 1925-1962.
1963-1980 -- Reverend Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J.: Includes the amendments, resolutions, and related correspondence during the administration of Father Horton, the third director, Father Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J., 1962-1980.
1981-2007 -- Monsignor Paul A. Lenz: General correspondence of the administration of Monsignor Paul A. Lenz, fourth director of the Catholic Negro American Mission Board, 1980-2007. The CNAMB general correspondence includes affidavits and bequests and is arranged chronologically with undated items appearing at the end of each decade. Interfiled at the end of general correspondence for each year is grant correspondence (begins 1981) and a survey on the financial needs of Black Catholic schools (1980).
Minutes of the combined Board of Directors meeting for the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, Collection (Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians) and CNAMB (Catholic Negro American Mission Board) are interfiled in the series 1-2 Collection correspondence for each year following the general correspondence.
2008-present -- Reverend Wayne Carroll Paysse: General correspondence of the administration of Father Wayne Carroll Paysse, fifth director of the Catholic Negro American Mission Board, 2008-present. The bulk of these records are active and remain at the Black and Indian Mission Office.
Series 1-3 Restrictions: Records created before 1985 are restricted for 25 years after their date of creation. For more information, please consult the archives staff.
Black and Indian Mission Collection (Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians) and the Catholic Negro-American Mission Board (The Catholic Board for Mission Work among the Colored People), Joint Series 9, Photography: Contains two format-based sub-series -- Black and white prints and color prints. Both series are contained in folders arranged alphabetically by U.S. states and the District of Columbia, followed by foreign countries and there under by communities and Catholic institutions. Many of the prints were sent on request to first the Collection, and then CNAMB, from pastors and school principals. Some prints were submitted to illustrate related articles in publications (series 7) or accountability reports (series 5-5). With few exceptions, the Collection created or collected all photography before 1980, whereas CNAMB created or collected all photography thereafter. Portraits of Collection and/or CNAMB office personnel of the Black and Indian Mission Office, e.g. Reverend Tennelly, Monsignor Lenz, Reverend Paysse, plus visitors there, are filed in BCIM series 9-1 (black & white prints) and 9-3 (color prints) under "District of Columbia, Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions". Similarly, those of Saint Katharine Drexel are filed in BCIM series 9-1 (black & white prints) and 9-3 (color prints) under "Pennsylvania, Bensalem, Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament". Prints from the Catholic Negro-American Mission Board are are so-noted in the container list. Select images are included online in the collection, African American Catholics, which is linked here: Marquette e-archives, A-Z.
Other series within the records of the Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians and other Marquette University collections also contain documentation relating to this series.
For each folder, the dates noted are limited to the first and last known years when images were created with intervening years, if any, not included. These are followed by “undated” to indicate images for which the year of their creation is not known. However, if approximate dates are known, they are given in parentheses as follows:
· “undated (Received Commission for Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians)” = No creation years known; the years given identify when the Commission received the images, which typically was less than five years after they were taken.
· “undated (Used Our Negro and Indian Missions)” or “undated (Used Other Title)” = No creation years known; the years given identify when Our Negro and Indian Missions or Other Title first published the images, which typically was less than 10 years after they were taken.
· "undated (ca. year-year)" = No creation years known; the years given identify the approximate years derived from clues within the images and related text.
The institutions listed are mostly local churches and schools and were the sources for the Commission’s photography. Most photographs within these folders document local events of the institutions and nearby communities. However, many nearby communities also have separate institutions and corresponding folders as do those distant places that have been identified. Events located far from the institutions that sent the photographs, including those taken out-of-state and outside of the United States, are arranged by the place where the photographs were taken rather than by the institution that provided the prints.
Restrictions: Researchers assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of libel, privacy, and copyright which may be involved in the use of these records. Consult an archivist for further information.
Series 9-2, Black and White Prints: Pastors with consumer-grade portable cameras captured most images, which include scenes such as school graduations, retreat weekends, first communions, confirmations, and dedications of new buildings. Professional photographers also captured a few black and white images before 1930.
Series 9-4, Color Prints: Pastors and diocesan program directors with consumer-grade portable cameras captured most images, which include scenes such as school graduations, retreat weekends, first communions, confirmations, and dedications of new buildings. Several images pertain to activities of the Archdiocese of St. Louis.
The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board, Series 18, Publications: This series includes the periodicals, Our Colored Mission and Educating in Faith, and general publications, e.g. appeal letters, calendars, list of needy Black schools, survey, grant forms, produced by CNAMB. The New York Public Library produced the microfilm of both periodicals.
Marqcat, the online catalog of the Marquette University Libraries, provides bibliographic records for the publication titles in this series, which are so noted with a call number in the descriptive inventory.
Catholic Social Action: Checklist of Marquette Catholic Social Action collections, which includes more special collections about African American Catholics.
Black and Indian Mission Office > The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board
U.S. Catholic Conference of Catholic Bishops > Cultural Diversity in the Church