Special Collections 
	and Archives

OSAGE MISSION RECORDS


Records pertaining to the Osage Mission and Manual Labor School for Osage Indian boys and girls at present-day St. Paul, Kansas. Included is a pupils' attendance and account book, 1847-1866; a pupils' account book, an English-Osage dictionary, ca. 1885; and a pupils' attendance, accounts and reports, and correspondence book, 1855-1881. The principal correspondent was John Schoenmakers, S.J.

Gift of the Congregation of the Passion (Passionists), St. Paul, Kansas, 1982.

Processed by Mark G. Thiel, 1986, and microfilmed, 1986.


Historical Note

From 1825-1871 the Osage lived on a reservation in Kansas, which was then replaced by the current reservation in Oklahoma. By the 1840s, the U.S. government promoted English language literacy and Euro-American life skills and agricultural practices. Under government sponsorship, Jesuit missionaries (Missouri Province, St. Louis, Missouri) and Sisters of Loretto (Nerinx, Kentucky) taught Osage and Quapaw Indian boys and girls at the Osage Mission and Manual Labor School on the Osage Reservation, in Kansas,1847-1872. For further information, see "Osage," by Garrick A. Bailey, Vol. 13 Plains, Handbook of North American Indians, Smithsonian Institution, 2001.

Subsequent Catholic schools were located in Oklahoma on the Osage (near Fairfax, Pawhuska, and Skiatook) and Quapaw (Miami, Oklahoma) Reservations, which is detailed in the Guide to Catholic Indian Missions and School Records in Midwest Repositories.


Scope and Content

The records list pupils' names, dates of attendance, and tuition payments along. Some comments are included. While most are brief, a few are extensive, noting tribal affiliation, family background, scholastic achievement, and practice of the Catholic faith.

Restrictions: This collection contains no restrictions with respect to personal privacy rights. The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 is a law governing access to student-related educational records in the custody of educational institutions, which does not expressly answer questions regarding the termination of a student's right to prohibit disclosure. This is enforced by the Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO) of the U.S. Department of Education. In 1993, FPCO concluded that this right was personal and lapsed upon death. (Correspondence of Leroy Rooker, Director of FPCO, to Honorable John J. Duncan, Jr., March 3, 1993.) In standard archival practice, restrictions on life-long records are lifted 70 years after their date of creation, which in this instance, means that these rights lapsed in 1941.


More Related Resources

  • Christianity and Native America: Checklist to all Marquette Native Catholic collections plus access to detailed information about them including genealogical records; access to digital image collections and The Indian Sentinel historic magazine online; information for educators about Saint Kateri Tekakwitha and her Native Catholic followers.

  • Guides to Catholic-Related Records about Native Americans in the United States: Over 1,000 repository entries in PDF format to help genealogists and historical researchers find the records they need on American Indians and Alaskan Natives. The entries provide contact information on the repositories, brief descriptions about the records, the Native groups served, and the associated Catholic organizations. Many of the entries include institutional chronologies to explain the history of the records.

Black and Indian Mission Office > Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions

Tekakwitha Conference National Center

U.S. Catholic Conference of Catholic Bishops > Cultural Diversity in the Church

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