Special 
	Collections and Archives

ST. FRANCIS MISSION RECORDS



The collection documents Catholic evangelization and mission work among the Lakota of the Rosebud Indian Reservation by Jesuits and Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity.  Notable subject areas include St. Francis Indian School, local and lay church activities, the Jesuits and religious sisters, Lakota language and religion, and life on and near the Rosebud Indian Reservation. Some documentation on the Lakota of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation is also included.

Presented by St. Francis Mission, 1977-ongoing, and individual Jesuits, 1982-ongoing. Mark G. Thiel, CA (Certified Archivist), processed the records in 1988-1990 and selected series were microfilmed in 1997 and 2001.

See e-Archives for select materials available online.

Restrictions: Except as noted below, there are no restrictions to the use of records in this collection. However, the researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of libel, privacy, and copyright which may be involved in the use of these records. Consult an archivist for further information.


Historical Note

St. Francis Mission was established by Jesuits in 1886. This followed Spotted Tail's persistent requests for Catholic missionaries and the rescinding of federal restrictions on Christian evangelization. The school has been continually staffed by Jesuits and Sisters of St. Francis until control was transferred to a local community corporation in 1972. After some early federal funding, the school prospered through the private contributions of Katharine Drexel and the federal disbursement of tribal funds held in trust.

Catholicism flourished on the reservation during the first half of the 20th century. In most communities, local parishes were organized, each with a catechist, lay sodalities, and an itinerant Jesuit pastor. Annually, the faithful gathered for reservation wide general sodality meetings followed by the statewide Catholic Sioux Congress.

Christian fervor waned after World War II, which has been addressed by revitalization efforts since the 1970s. Parishes were re-organized with more resident (and fewer itinerant) Jesuit and Native priests and deacons, and parish councils. The general sodality meetings and Catholic Sioux Congresses remain popular among the elders, however, many faithful also attend Mini (diocesan) and National Tekakwitha Conferences and have organized parish Kateri Circles.

See also -- St. Francis Mission -- Notable Events and Notable People The topics within the correspondence reflect a number of these events.

See also -- Authors and Photographers among the Jesuits and Franciscan Sisters

See also -- Catholic Native America digital image collections


Scope and Content

Series: 1 | 2 |  3 | 4 |  5 | 6 |  7 | 8 |  9 | 10

Series-level highlights followed by an index to Native authors and subjects. Related record sources in other Marquette collections and elsewhere are also noted.


St. Francis Mission Series 1, Correspondence: Correspondence by Jesuits, Brulé [Sicangu] Indians, and others at St. Francis Mission. St. Francis Mission transferred the correspondence to Marquette University, which pertains to mission origins (1878, 1887), government school contracts (to ca. 1980), school sports and extracurricular activities (1899-1978) and the St. Francis School's transition from mission to local community control (1971-1980). Other notable topics includes baptisms and conversions (1894, 1907), the Messiah movement (1894), petitions requesting missionaries for the Santee (1930) and Yankton (1916) reservations, Camp DeSmet -- a summer camp for boys from St. Louis University High School -- (1925), the Black Hills claim (1928), poverty, economic development, and tribal rights on/ off the reservation (1937-1970s), military service and life on/ off the reservation by Brulé men (1942-1956), and veneration of Kateri Tekakwitha (1969-1980). Series 1 also includes letters by and/or about the following:

Series 1, Index to Native American Authors and Subjects

Relevant items in Series 5 and 8 also noted.

Badhand, Yankee L. (Brulé) 1948
Bird, John R. (Brulé) 1945
Black Elk, Ben (Oglala) 1936
Blue Thunder, Vernon J. (Brulé) 1943-1944, 1947-1948, 1954, 1956, undated
Bordeaux, Leland M. (Brulé) 1975-1977; 6-1: 1975 or 1976
Catches, Peter (Oglala) 1948
Chief Eagle, Dallas (Brulé) 1947, 1972
Clark, Dick (Brulé) 1954
Compos, Thomas H. (Brulé) 1949
Cross Dog, Lincoln (Brulé) 1949
Cuny, Sister Genevieve, O.S.F. (Oglala) 1973, 1980; see also Series 5, Indian Catechist; and Series 8, News Clippings, 1975-1976, 1980
Face, John E. (Brulé) 1948
Giroux, Curtis (Brulé) 1950
LaPointe, Frank 1972-1974; 5: 1971-1980; 6-1: 1975 or 1976
Left Hand Bull, Silas (Brulé) 1951, 1964; see also Series 8, News Clippings, 1973-1974
Many Horses (Oglala)  
Louis J.
1953
Benjamin J.
1948-1950
Calvin
1949, 1951-1952
Omaha Boy, Anthony (Brulé) 1942-1945
Rosebud Sioux Tribe (Brulé) 1954
Roubideaux, Arthur C. (Brulé) 1942-1945
Sharpfish
Clavin C.
1943-1946, 1948
Louise
1946
Track, Mathew S. (Brulé) 1956
Tuttle, Marvin (Brulé) 1940-1950
Yankton Sioux (Yankton) 1916

Other series within the St. Francis Missions Records and other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this series.

St. Francis Mission Series 1-1, Correspondence -- Restrictions: These records (1980s and more recent ones; microfilm reel 4) are restricted for 25 years after their date of creation. Restricted microfilm is not available via interlibrary loan. For more information, please consult with archives staff.

St. Francis Mission Series 1-2, Correspondence -- Restrictions: These records are restricted for 70 years after their date of creation. For more information, please consult with archives staff.


St. Francis Mission Series 2, Reports: Reports by Jesuits, Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity, and others at St. Francis Mission. St. Francis Mission transferred the reports to Marquette University.

Series 2-1, Reports: The chronicle (Kronik) of the Sisters of St. Francis and the school diary describe various general and special events at the St. Francis Mission School. The chronicle (typescript, page 9) also describes events during the Messiah movement, 1890-1891. KINI Radio: Sicangu Chronicle "News Notes" and a transcript of No. 39-40, Fancy Dance Memoirs by Chico Her Many Horses (Oglala), 1980, are also included. Series 9 includes related KINI recordings.

Restrictions: These records are restricted for 70 years after their date of creation. In For more information, please consult with archives staff.

Series 2-2, School Attendance and Enrollment Reports: This series includes pupil admission, enrollment, and attendance records, which were compiled quarterly and submitted to the federal government for the purpose of receiving per capita tuition payments from tribal trust funds. Generally, the lists include names of pupils and staff members, Indian tribal and non-Indian ethnicity, degree of Indian blood, dates of attendance with related comments, and statistical summaries. Many pupil lists are first categorized by gender, ethnicity, and lodging status and there under arranged alphabetically by surname. The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, Series 2-1, includes additional pupil attendance records for St. Francis Mission School. For more information about these unique school attendance records, see the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records Scope and Content Note for Series 2-1.

Restrictions: The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 is a law governing access to student-related educational records that is enforced by the Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO) of the U.S. Department of Education. In 1993, since FERPA's statutory language did not expressly answer questions regarding the termination of a student's right to prohibit disclosure, FPCO concluded that this right was personal and lapsed upon death (Correspondence of Leroy Rooker, Director of FPCO, to Honorable John J. Duncan, Jr., March 3, 1993). In standard archival practice, restrictions on life-long records are lifted 70 years after their date of creation. However, also due to FERPA's statutory language, these restrictions do not apply to student records held by non-educational institutions such as the U.S. National Archives, which also holds copies of these student attendance records. For more information about access to these records and other genealogical records at Marquette University, please submit an Application for Genealogical Query. For some schools, sanitized facsimiles (photocopies with obliterated confidential information) are available to on-site visitors as noted in the descriptive inventories. For contact information about access to these records at a record center of the U.S. National Archives, see Marquette's Guides to Catholic-Related Records about Native Americans in the United States. These records are not at Marquette, but at the institutions described.

Sub-series Series 2-2T, St. Francis Mission High School Student Transcripts: This series contains the official high school permanent transcripts of students who attended St. Francis Mission High School. The records are divided by format and arranged alphabetically there under. Students are identified according to the surnames and forenames used in the records. In rare instances, where more than one forename and surname was used for the same person, multiple entries exist for that person. Marquette archives staff makes every effort to cross-reference all records through a database of former students.

According to the State of South Dakota records retention manual for local schools, page 57, "This series constitutes the student's permanent record which includes the official school transcript and persuant to SDCL 13-27-3.2, any copy of any certified birth certificate provided persuant to SDCL 13-27-3.1. Information on the transcript may include: student's name, address, identification number, date of birth, and gender; name of school; parent's name and phone number; enrollment history; transcript statistics; graduation date, diploma date and diploma received; courses taken; grades and credit received; academic achievement test scores and written permission to release scores persuant to SDCL 13-3-56; and a record of participation in recognized school activities or sports. This record series is maintained to document academic achievements and to provide a complete record of grades attained. RETENTION: Retain permanently. Revised 2013."

In 1972, when St. Francis Indian High School succeeded St. Francis Mission High School, the administration of the new high school assumed responsibility for administering the transcripts, which included providing authenticated copies to authorized third-parties on request and safeguarding the originals. In 2014, St. Francis Indian High School returned many of these transcripts to St. Francis Mission, who in turn, transferred them to the Marquette Archives. Upon inspection, Marquette archives staff determined that numerous transcripts were missing, especially those for students with surnames began with the letters A to M.

Restrictions: All requests for transcripts must be made through St. Francis Mission during regular business hours. Facsimile copies may be sent to any third party authorized through St. Francis Mission. For further information, contact St. Francis Mission, 350 Oak Street, St. Francis, South Dakota 57572. Phone: (605) 747-2361. In event that the Marquette Archives does not hold a requested transcript, former students are advised to contact St. Francis Indian High School, 502 E. Warrior Drive, St. Francis, South Dakota 57572. Phone: (605) 747-2299.


St. Francis Mission Series 3, Financial Records: The records contain only fragments from the financial transactions of St. Francis Mission and the Catholic Church on the Rosebud Reservation. Nonetheless, the records provide significant documentation pertaining to a variety of activities during the 1930s and accounts for two Rosebud Reservation parishes in the 1970s. Also of note is Father Buechel's ledger of stipends paid to Lakota catechists.


St. Francis Mission Series 4, Proceedings: Proceedings by Jesuits, Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity, and others at St. Francis Mission.

Series 4-1, Textual Records: The proceedings pertain primarily to school operations and its transition to community control (1970s-1980s). The local sodality proceedings include some information on veneration of Kateri Tekakwitha, the Catholic Sioux Congress, and the Tekakwitha Conference. Other series within the St. Francis Missions Records and other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this series.

Series 4-2, Sound Recordings -- Rosebud Education Society: Recorded minutes of the Board of Directors and Executive Committee meetings of the Rosebud Education Society, the legal entity of St. Francis Mission. Included are micro cassette originals and reformatted CD-Rom discs.

Catholic Sioux Congress: The Congress records were acquired from both Holy Rosary Mission-Red Cloud Indian School and St. Francis Mission. Archives staff combined them into one enriched file within the Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School Records, Series 4. The Catholic Sioux Congress records include records of the South Dakota Congress (1920-1988) and the Montana-North Dakota Congress (1943-1986). Topics include discussions on "Spiritual dangers" (South Dakota, 1920s-1970s), religious vocations (South Dakota, 1961, 1967-1970s), and use of the sacred pipe (1973-1970s). Other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this file.

Wisconsin Jesuit Province -- Indian Apostolate Board: The records of the Indian Apostolate Board (1966-1990) were acquired from both Holy Rosary Mission-Red Cloud Indian School and St. Francis Mission. Archives staff combined them into one enriched file within the Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School Records, Series 4. The Board addressed common Jesuit concerns at Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School, St. Francis Mission, Rosebud Reservation, and Mother Butler Center - St. Isaac Jogues Church, Rapid City. Its topics included discussions on religious vocations among Native Americans. Other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this file.


St. Francis Mission Series 5, Publications: Publications by Jesuits, Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity, and others at St. Francis Mission. St. Francis Mission transferred the bulk of the publications to Marquette University with the exception of a few items donated directly to Marquette University. This series includes school publications and mission fund raising newsletters and calendars plus transcripts of select recordings.

Other series within the St. Francis Missions Records and other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this series. The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, Series 14-1, contains the most comprehensive holdings of St. Francis Mission periodicals (originals and microfilm).

Work in-progress: The Marquette University Libraries are developing bibliographic records for the publications in this collection. This includes all books, pamphlets, magazines, newsletters, prayer cards, published maps, published sound and video recordings, etc., and excludes clipping files and reprints of articles. As they are created, the bibliographic records will appear in Marqcat, the Marquette University online catalog. Furthermore, as an interim and supplemental search tool, most titles to publications in this and related collections appear in the Index to Publications in Native America Collections.


St. Francis Mission Series 6, Photography: Photography by Jesuits with collected images from other photographers. St. Francis Mission transferred the bulk of the images to Marquette University with the exception of some items donated by Jesuits themselves. Most images pertain to St. Francis Mission, Brulé [Sicangu] Indians, Jesuits, and Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity on the Rosebud Reservation. Also included are images pertaining to Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School, Oglala Indians, Jesuits, and Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity on the Pine Ridge Reservation and elsewhere in South Dakota and adjacent states. This reflects, the diverse ministries served by Jesuits and their propensity to retain and share their personal papers with other Jesuits. Prominent subjects include school sports and extra-curricular activities (1930s-present), home visitations, reservation parishes, Catholic Sioux Congresses, and community celebrations. Information on the veneration of Kateri Tekakwitha is also included (1970).

Series 6-1, Black & White Prints: Prints from Jesuits and others pertaining primarily to St. Francis Mission and the Rosebud Reservation.

Album by Rev. Leo Cunningham, S.J.: Includes primarily images of St. Francis Mission and the Rosebud Reservation. Most images are duplicates with verso captions identifying and dating subjects, events and localities.

Series 6-2, Color Prints: Prints from Jesuits and others pertaining primarily to St. Francis Mission and the Rosebud Reservation. Also included are captured images from frames of the motion picture, "The Blackrobe" by Chulack Productions, n.d. (1952?), which feature scenes of Reverend Eugene Buechel, S.J., and Holy Rosary Mission school, and the the Sioux Madonna oil painting by Seymour Twiss, n.d. (1930s?-1950s?)

Series 6-3, Color Slides: Slides from Jesuits and others pertaining primarily to St. Francis Mission and the Rosebud Reservation.

Series 6-4, Albums: Photocopies of contact-sheet albums created in 2005 from borrowed originals held by the Buechel Memorial Lakota Museum. The photocopies provide a visual key to the negatives in sub-series 6-5 and 6-6.

Series 6-5, Film Negatives: [1922-1953], undated (1900s?-1960s?). Comprises over 10,000 roll-film negatives (ca. 3.75 cubic feet) received from the Buechel Memorial Lakota Museum in 2005. Marquette has retained the previous arrangement and numbering scheme used by the Buechel Museum. The negatives are divided by size, there under the vast majority are numbered sequentially, and arranged in chronological order. Although Father Buechel is the subject of a few images, it is believed that he created the bulk of them with his Kodak box camera and roll film between August 14, 1922, and ca. 1945. Also, included are a few negatives with a "Z" prefix, which may be an attribution to Father Zimmerman.

Buechel Memorial Lakota Museum Database to Photographic Negatives: A searchable item-level description of all film (series 6-5) and glass-plate (series 6-6) negatives received from the Buechel Memorial Lakota Museum in 2005, which incorporates Father Buechel's log of film negatives, but with less detail.

Series 6-5 Buechel Photography Log Database: A searchable item-level description of the early film negatives created and/or under the direction of Father Buechel. The log notes the subject, place, and date for negatives 1-1057, August 14, 1922 to July 31, 1929. Negatives numbered after 1057 not included.

Father Buechel's background. Father Buechel's photography and papers are dispersed among several collections in the Marquette Archives.

Series 6-6, Glass-Plate Negatives and Father Joseph A. Zimmerman: [1883-1921], undated (1910s?-1920s?). Comprises approximately 1,650 photographic negatives (ca. 3.0 cubic feet) received from the Buechel Memorial Lakota Museum in 2005. Marquette has retained the Buechel Museum's previous arrangement and numbering scheme. The negatives are divided by size and there under numbered sequentially and arranged in random order. It is believed that Father Joseph Zimmerman created and/or supervised the taking of the bulk of those images taken from 1914 to 1931, which were created on the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Reservations. He served full-time on the Rosebud Reservation from June 1914 to June 1920 and from June 1924 to June 1931. Thereafter it appears that Father Zimmerman employed cameras that produced film negatives, which are in series 6-5 following negative 1057, the last negative listed in Father Buechel's log of film negatives.

Apparently others also created a number of the images with glass-plate negatives. A few date before 1914 and many, although undated, apparently were taken during the 1930s and 1940s. The earliest image among the glass-plate negatives is 0058, which is a portrait of Chief Red Cloud and Othniel C. Marsh at the Peabody Museum in 1883. It is believed to be a copy negative created at a later date. At least seven other glass-plate negatives are believed to copy negatives as well. They are negatives 1169-1174, 1182, 1184, all of which pertain to Western South Dakota, the Ghost dance and/or 1890 Wounded Knee massacre. Negative 0967 of Brother Michael Schmidt, S.J., of Holy Rosary Mission who died in 1896, is possibly the first original image captured among the glass-plate negatives.

Father Zimmerman's background. Father Zimmerman's photography and papers are dispersed among several collections in the Marquette Archives.

The Marquette University Digital Collections, as well as off-line Marquette collections, contain more photography about St. Francis Mission and the Rosebud Reservation. On request, archives staff will develop custom catalogues to off-line images for patrons who provide specific parameters defined by broad subject categories, place, and years.


St. Francis Mission Series 7, Jesuit Papers: Personal papers of Jesuits with papers of others collected by Jesuits at St. Francis Mission. St. Francis Mission transferred the bulk of the papers to Marquette University with the exception of some items donated by Jesuits themselves. While most papers pertain to St. Francis Mission, Brulé [Sicangu] Indians, and the Rosebud Reservation, some papers pertain to Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School, Oglala Indians, and the Pine Ridge Reservation or elsewhere in South Dakota and adjacent states. This reflects, the diverse ministries served by Jesuits and their propensity to retain and share their personal papers with other Jesuits. Other series within the St. Francis Missions Records and other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this series.

Jesuit Papers and Recordings -- Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue

Father Stolzman chaired the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue held at St. Francis Mission. The meetings were a theological dialogue comprised of 85 sessions between Brulé and Oglala Indian medicine men (with spouses and associates) and Jesuit priests. The record is comprised of eight open reel recordings and 233 audio cassettes (St. Francis Mission Records, Series 9), approximately 1,000 pages of transcripts (St. Francis Mission Records, Series 7), and related drafts and presentations (Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School Records, Series 7 and 9, and St. Francis Mission Records, Series 7 and 9). From and with these documents, Stolzman wrote The Pipe and Christ: A Christian-Sioux Dialogue, 1986, a comparative analysis of Catholic and Native belief and ritual. For more information about the dialogue -- see -- the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue.

Restrictions: Restrictions apply to the sound recordings of the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue, i.e. They must be used in the Francis Paul Prucha, S.J., Archives Reading Room, R360, of the Marquette University John P. Raynor, S.J., Library. However, no restrictions apply to the transcripts of the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue or the manuscript drafts for The Pipe and Christ. For more information about access to these sound recordings, please consult with the Archivist in charge of this collection.

Related recordings produced and/ or collected by Father Stolzman include talks by several medicine men on religious topics and the retelling of a vision quest experience by a non-Indian Fordham University theology student. For one summer, this student had lived with a Brulé family on the Rosebud Reservation, ca. 1976-1979.

Father Stolzman's background

From 1995-2002, the Lakota Task Force (Diocese of Rapid City, South Dakota) of the USCCB Committee on Native American Catholics held a follow up dialogue that built on the Medicine Men and Clergy Meetings. For more information -- see -- the Inculturation Task Forces Records (Lakota Inculturation Task Force, Series 2).

Work in-progress: The Marquette University Libraries are developing bibliographic records for the publications in this collection. This includes all books, pamphlets, magazines, newsletters, prayer cards, published maps, published sound and video recordings, etc., and excludes clipping files and reprints of articles. As they are created, the bibliographic records will appear in Marqcat, the Marquette University online catalog. Furthermore, as an interim and supplemental search tool, most titles to publications in this and related collections appear in the Index to Publications in Native America Collections.


St. Francis Mission Series 8, General Publications: Publications, clippings, and U.S. Government documents pertaining to the Rosebud Reservation, at least in part. St. Francis Mission collected the bulk of these items with additional ones added by the Marquette University Archives. The newspaper clippings contain information on school curriculum, sports, and extracurricular activities (1920-1989), Camp DeSmet (1920s), the Catholic Sioux Congress and sodalities (1936), reservation poverty, economic development, and tribal rights (1937-1970s), Tekakwitha Conference (1936), veneration of Kateri Tekakwitha (1970-1975, 1980), school bicultural education (1973), Dakota [Lakota] language, beliefs and traditions (1973-1976), lay ministry and the diaconate (1974-1976), and radio ministry (1974, 1979, 1987). Other series within the St. Francis Missions Records and other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this series.

Work in-progress: The Marquette University Libraries are developing bibliographic records for the publications in this collection. This includes all books, pamphlets, magazines, newsletters, prayer cards, published maps, published sound and video recordings, etc., and excludes clipping files and reprints of articles. As they are created, the bibliographic records will appear in Marqcat, the Marquette University online catalog. Furthermore, as an interim and supplemental search tool, most titles to publications in this and related collections appear in the Index to Publications in Native America Collections.


St. Francis Mission Series 9, Sound Recordings: Sound recordings recorded or collected by Jesuits at St. Francis Mission. St. Francis Mission transferred the bulk of the recordings to Marquette University with the exception of a few related items added by archives staff. While most papers pertain to St. Francis Mission, Brulé [Sicangu] Indians, and the Rosebud Reservation, some recordings pertain to Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School, Oglala Indians, and the Pine Ridge Reservation or elsewhere in South Dakota and adjacent states. This reflects, the diverse ministries served by Jesuits and their propensity to retain and share their recordings with other Jesuits. Other series within the St. Francis Missions Records and other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this series.

Work in-progress: The Marquette University Libraries are developing bibliographic records for the publications in this collection. This includes all books, pamphlets, magazines, newsletters, prayer cards, published maps, published sound and video recordings, etc., and excludes clipping files and reprints of articles. As they are created, the bibliographic records will appear in Marqcat, the Marquette University online catalog. Furthermore, as an interim and supplemental search tool, most titles to publications in this and related collections appear in the Index to Publications in Native America Collections.

General Recordings

Red Cloud Indian School Summer Session: "Towards an Indian Perspective:" This 1978 summer conference on Catholic education featured Brulé and Oglala Indians, Jesuits, and others concerned with Catholic education on Indian reservations in South Dakota.

Series 9-1-3, Transcripts: This series comprises the transcribed sound recordings within the general and KINI Radio recordings. It includes the 1978 presentation by Agnes Picotte, "An Indian Educator Looks at Catholic Church Teaching," which was given at Red Cloud Indian School within the summer conference on Catholic education, "Towards an Indian Perspective." Other transcripts include those of the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue under Father Stolzman within the Series 7-1 Jesuit Papers.

Jesuit Papers and Recordings -- Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue

Father Stolzman chaired the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue held at St. Francis Mission. The meetings were a theological dialogue comprised of 85 sessions between Brulé and Oglala Indian medicine men (with spouses and associates) and Jesuit priests. The record is comprised of eight open reel recordings and 233 audio cassettes (St. Francis Mission Records, Series 9), approximately 1,000 pages of transcripts (St. Francis Mission Records, Series 7), and related drafts and presentations (Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School Records, Series 7 and 9, and St. Francis Mission Records, Series 7 and 9). From and with these documents, Stolzman wrote The Pipe and Christ: A Christian-Sioux Dialogue, 1986, a comparative analysis of Catholic and Native belief and ritual. For more information about the dialogue -- see -- the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue.

Restrictions: Restrictions apply to the sound recordings of the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue, i.e. They must be used in the Francis Paul Prucha, S.J., Archives Reading Room, R360, of the Marquette University John P. Raynor, S.J., Library. However, no restrictions apply to the transcripts of the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue or the manuscript drafts for The Pipe and Christ. For more information about access to these sound recordings, please consult with the Archivist in charge of this collection.

Related recordings produced and/ or collected by Father Stolzman include talks by several medicine men on religious topics and the retelling of a vision quest experience by a non-Indian Fordham University theology student. For one summer, this student had lived with a Brulé family on the Rosebud Reservation, ca. 1976-1979.

Father Stolzman's background

From 1995-2002, the Lakota Task Force (Diocese of Rapid City, South Dakota) of the USCCB Committee on Native American Catholics held a follow up dialogue that built on the Medicine Men and Clergy Meetings. For more information -- see -- the Inculturation Task Forces Records (Lakota Inculturation Task Force, Series 2).

KINI Radio:

Includes broadcast series such as Sioux for Christ and Sicangu Chronicle, a news commentary.

Series 9-1-3, Transcripts: This series is comprised of transcribed sound recordings within the general and KINI Radio recordings. Included is the KINI Radio presentation -- Sicangu Chronicle no. 39-40, Fancy Dance Memoirs by Chico Her Many Horses (Oglala), 1980. Other transcripts include those of the Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue under Father Stolzman within the Series 7-1 Jesuit Papers.


St. Francis Mission Series 10, Motion Picture and Video Recordings: Scenes filmed in 1949 by Reverend Joseph A. Zimmerman, S.J., including the Catholic Sioux Congress, Rapid City Indian Camp, St. Francis Mission, and the Tekakwitha Conference. Also included are two films by Chulack Productions titled, "The Blackrobe" and "The Sisters." The former includes views of Reverend Eugene Buechel, S.J. and scenes from Holy Rosary Mission school, now Red Cloud Indian School. Selected color still prints from these films are included in Series 6-2. Other series within the St. Francis Missions Records and other Marquette University collections contain documentation relating to this series.


St. Francis Mission Series 11, Objects: Personal objects from Brother Joseph Schwarzler at St. Francis Mission.


St. Francis Mission Series 0, Unprocessed Records: Marquette University also holds unprocessed archival records from St. Francis Mission. These records have not yet been prepared for research use and some restrictions may apply. Please consult the archives staff regarding their availability.

 

More Related Resources

  • Christianity and Native America: Checklist to all Marquette Native Catholic collections plus access to detailed information about them including genealogical records; access to digital image collections and The Indian Sentinel historic magazine online; information for educators about Saint Kateri Tekakwitha and her Native Catholic followers.

  • Guides to Catholic-Related Records about Native Americans in the United States: Over 1,000 repository entries in PDF format to help genealogists and historical researchers find the records they need on American Indians and Alaskan Natives. The entries provide contact information on the repositories, brief descriptions about the records, the Native groups served, and the associated Catholic organizations. Many of the entries include institutional chronologies to explain the history of the records.

Black and Indian Mission Office > Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions

Tekakwitha Conference National Center

U.S. Catholic Conference of Catholic Bishops > Cultural Diversity in the Church

 

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