Special Collections 
	and Archives

ST. MARY'S MISSION RECORDS



Baptismal records of St. Mary's Mission for Potawatomi Indians, St. Mary's, Kansas.

Microfilmed in 1986 by Marquette University from records borrowed from Immaculate Conception Church, St. Mary's, Kansas.


Historical Note

From the late 1830s-1841, the Mission Band Potawatomi moved from Michigan and Indiana to a reservation in Kansas. Together with the Council Bluffs Band, they moved in 1847 to a new reservation in eastern Kansas on the Kaw River. After changing their name from Mission Band to Citizen Band, they moved again in1867 to a reservation in Oklahoma.

The Council Bluffs Band remained in Kansas on the Potawatomi Reservation and became known as the Prairie Band. Previously they resided in Illinois and Wisconsin and had settled temporarily in Iowa. Some Prairie Band members later returned to Wisconsin.

In Kansas, the Jesuit (Missouri Province, St. Louis) missions to the Potawatomi began in 1839. They opened a school for boys in 1840 and the following year, the Sisters of the Society of the Sacred Heart (St. Louis) opened a school for girls. Both schools closed in 1848 and wwere followed by St. Mary's Mission and school, which opened later that year at St. Mary's, Kansas with staff from these religious orders.

By the 1870s and to ca. 1900, St. Mary's no longer served significant numbers of Potawatomi except through its station at Silver Lake.


Scope and Content

Baptismal records of St. Mary's Mission for Potawatomi Indians, St. Mary's, Kansas.



More Related Resources

  • Christianity and Native America: Checklist to all Marquette Native Catholic collections plus access to detailed information about them including genealogical records; access to digital image collections and The Indian Sentinel historic magazine online; information for educators about Saint Kateri Tekakwitha and her Native Catholic followers.

  • Guides to Catholic-Related Records about Native Americans in the United States: Over 1,000 repository entries in PDF format to help genealogists and historical researchers find the records they need on American Indians and Alaskan Natives. The entries provide contact information on the repositories, brief descriptions about the records, the Native groups served, and the associated Catholic organizations. Many of the entries include institutional chronologies to explain the history of the records.

Black and Indian Mission Office > Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions

Tekakwitha Conference National Center

U.S. Catholic Conference of Catholic Bishops > Cultural Diversity in the Church

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