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Suggested reading


Raynor Library Resource Guide:

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"The meaning of social entrepreneurship"
J. Gregory Dees, original draft: Oct. 31, 1998. Reformatted and revised: May 30, 2001

"Social entrepreneurship revisited"
Stanford Social Innovation Review, Paul C. Light, summer 2009

Not just anyone, anywhere, in any organization can make breakthrough change.

"Creating Social Value"

Stanford Social Innovation Review, Phil Auerswald, spring 2009

In the field of social innovation and social entrepreneurship, social value and social impact are terms that come up frequently. What do they mean and how do they relate to more traditional, dollar-denominated measurements?

"Measuring social value"
Stanford Social Innovation Review, Geoff Mulgan, summer 2010

Funders, nonprofit executives and policymakers are enthusiastic about measuring social value. Alas, they cannot agree on what it is, let alone how to assess it. Their main obstacle is assuming that social value is objective, fixed and stable. When people approach social value as subjective, malleable and variable, they create better metrics to capture it.

"A positive theory of social entrepreneurship"
INSEAD Working Paper Series, Filipe M. Santos, September 2009

This paper proposes a theory aimed at advancing scholarly research in social entrepreneurship. By highlighting the key trade-off between value creation and value appropriation and explaining when situations of simultaneous market and government failure may arise, the paper suggests that social entrepreneurship is the pursuit of sustainable solutions to problems of neglected externalities. The paper further discusses when positive externalities are likely to be neglected and derive the central goal and logic of action of social entrepreneurship.


“Ultimately, we must understand the
need to be agents of change.”       

Pedro Arrupe, S.J.


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